Songs of Victory: a grateful memory
What is behind this brief and at the same time unusually capacious phrase – “Victory songs”? Very, very much: four years of incredible exertion of physical and mental forces lying in the ruins of the city, millions of dead, captured and captured in enemy captivity. However, it was the song that really raised morale and helped not only to survive, but to live. Contrary to the saying “when guns say muses are silent,” the muses were by no means silent. WHAT ARE WE WITHOUT MEMORY? As far back as 1943, at the height of the war, when its scales were swinging in one direction or another, the front-line correspondent Pavel Shubin wrote the text of a song called the Volkhov Feast. It contains many precise geographical indications of the settlements: Tikhvin, Sinyavin, Mga. It is known how fierce the fighting near Leningrad was, how the besieged city itself stood to death. Over time, from the song, for ideological reasons, in the spirit of the struggle against the “cult of personality”, which N. Khrushchev resolutely led, the reference to “the leader of the peoples” (“we will drink for our country, we will drink for Stalin, we will drink and we will pour again!”) and only the main thing remained: a grateful memory, fidelity to memories, a desire to see and meet more often.
“RUSSIA IS BETTER THAN EVERYONE!” When the territory of the Soviet Union was already completely cleared of German troops and the war moved to Eastern Europe, the provocative, optimistic song “Under the Balkan Stars” appeared. The first performer was then popular Vladimir Nechaev, then Leonid Utesov sang this beautiful thing. In it is a portent of a future Victory, the coming of which few have doubted; in it is real, not “leavened” patriotism. The song is still popular to this day. She can be heard performed by Oleg Pogudin, Evgeny Dyatlov, Vika Tsyganova.
HOW DO YOU WITH GEOGRAPHY? In the performance of Leonid Utesov, another merry, tantalizing song was famed, according to which one can even in some sense study the geography of the last months of World War II: Orel, Bryansk, Minsk, Brest, Lublin, Warsaw, Berlin. These mentions are located in the order that the Soviet Army liberated all these cities:
IS NOT A WOMEN’S BUSINESS? A very interesting and somewhat curious story came out with the main Song of Victory, which was born only by the thirtieth anniversary of the event itself. At first, the strict censorship committee did not accept it and even tended not to let it go. In any case, performed by co-author and first wife of the composer D.F. Tukhmanov – Tatyana Sashko from April 1975. Although the performance was more than worthy, especially female. Only when the song entered the repertoire of L. Leshchenko, then he “shot” and sounded throughout the country. Since then, it has been habitually perceived as a hymn of Victory:
DO NOT FORGET! Another great marching song, “What, Tell Your Name,” sounds in the movie “Front Behind Enemy Lines” (1981). At one time after writing it even competed in popularity with Tukhman’s Victory Day. However, as noted above, thanks to the performance of L. Leshchenko, the second song still replaced the first one. Although Leshchenko himself performed both the one and the other, and Edward Gil did not spoil a single song with the performance. It’s a pity that “What, say, your name is” rarely sounds today and therefore turned out to be forgotten.
“THERE IS A PEACEFUL FRONT …” As you can see, not many songs date back to the war and even the first post-war years. There is nothing surprising in this – it took much more time to feel the scale of the losses suffered by the country, so that their pain would pour into music and word. The songs of Victory can rightly be considered the final song from the cult Soviet film “Officers”. The name of the artist – Vladimir Zlatoustovsky – says little even to connoisseurs of song art. By the way, he is not so much a singer as a director. According to his scenario, several seasons of the television series “The Return of Mukhtar” were staged. And the song has long lived, as if by itself: The memory of the war years imperiously invaded peaceful everyday life. For example, in the final shots of the film directed by Pyotr Todorovsky (incidentally, a former front-line soldier) “On the main street with an orchestra”, when a student construction team is walking along the street, and Oleg Borisov (another former front-line soldier) sings the song “And yet we won “. And let this performance not be called professional, it is extremely sincere, as they say, “to break”: