YOUNG MOZART AND MUSIC SCHOOL PUPILS: FRIENDSHIP THROUGH THE AGE
Wolfgang Mozart gave us not only his great music, but also opened for us (as Columbus opened the way to America) the path to the heights of musical excellence from…

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Where to find strength to continue music lessons?
Dear friend! More than once in your life there will come a moment when you want to drop everything and retreat. Once this happens and with the desire to continue…

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Songs of Victory: a grateful memory
What is behind this brief and at the same time unusually capacious phrase - “Victory songs”? Very, very much: four years of incredible exertion of physical and mental forces lying…

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Songs of bondage, prisons and penal servitude: from Pushkin to the Circle

Indestructible pity, “mercy for the fallen”, including even the most inveterate robbers and murderers, gave rise to a special song layer. And let other refined aesthetes fastidiously turn their nose – in vain! As folk wisdom tells us not to swear from scrip and prison, so in real life of bondage, prison and hard labor went hand in hand. And in the twentieth century, few at least didn’t take a sip from this bitter bowl … WHO ARE THE SOURCES? The songs of bondage, prisons and penal servitude, paradoxically as it may seem, originate in the works of our most freedom-loving poet, A.S. Pushkin. Once, being in the Southern exile, the young poet swung at the Moldovan boyar Balsa, and blood would have spilled if the people around had not interfered. So, during a brief house arrest, the poet created one of the poetic masterpieces – The Prisoner. Much later, the composer A.G. Rubinshtein put down poetry to music, and he did not entrust the entrustment to anyone, but to F.I. Chaliapin himself, whose name was then booming throughout Russia. Our contemporary, performer of chanson-style songs, Vladislav Medyanik, wrote his own song based on Pushkin’s “Prisoner”. It begins with a characteristic reference to the original: “I am sitting behind bars in a dungeon damp – Already not an eagle, and not young. Would settle down for me – and home. ” So, it hasn’t disappeared anywhere – the topic of prison. AT CATRIG – FOR SONGS! According to the famous Vladimirka, captured by the artist I. Levitan, criminals of all stripes were sent to hard labor in Siberia. Not everyone managed to survive there – they mowed hunger and cold. One of the first hardcore songs can be considered the one that begins with the line “Only in Siberia will the dawn come …” People with good musical ear will immediately ask: what kind of painfully familiar motive? I would not be familiar! The Komsomol poet Nikolai Kool wrote the poem “Death of the Komsomolets” almost on the same tune, and in the work of composer A.V. Aleksandrov it became the most popular Soviet song “There, in the distance, across the river …” There, in the distance, across the river … Another oldest katorzhan song rightfully considered the “Alexander Central” or “Far, in the country of Irkutsk.” This is a kind of classic of the genre. Judging by the text, the song was born at the end of the 19th century, then was repeatedly chanted and supplemented. Well, really, verbal folk, collective and multivariate work has turned out. If the heroes of the early version are just convicts, then then these are political prisoners, enemies of the king and empire. Even the political dissidents of the 60s. had an idea of ​​this unofficial central anthem. The Alexander Central, or Far, far away in the country of Irkutsk,

WHO IS THE PRISON … In 1902, along with the triumphal success of the social drama of the writer Maxim Gorky, the old prison song “The Sun Rises and Sets …” entered into the wide song routine, it is the inhabitants of the dormitory who sing it, under the arches of which the main action of the play unfolds. At the same time, few people then, and even more so today, present the full text of the song. Popular rumor even called the author of the play – Maxim Gorky – and the author of the song itself. It is completely impossible to exclude this, but it is also not possible to confirm. The half-forgotten writer ND Teleshev recalled that he had heard this song much earlier from Stepan Petrov, known in literary circles under the pseudonym Skitalets. The sun rises or rises Songs of prisoners would be incomplete without the famous “Taganka”. Vladimir Vysotsky, who rarely performed other people’s songs, made an exception for this thing and, fortunately, the record was preserved. The name of the song is due to the Moscow prison of the same name. The song became genuinely popular – just because the author of the words and the author of the music are not exactly known. Some researchers attribute Taganka to pre-revolutionary songs, others to the end of the 30s. last century. Most likely, these last ones are right – the line “all nights are full of fire” clearly indicates the sign of that time — the light in the prison cells was on all day. For some prisoners, this acted worse than any physical torture. Taganka One of the researchers suggested that the composer of Taganka was the Polish composer Zygmunt Lewandowski. It is enough to listen to his tango “Tamara” – and doubts will disappear by themselves. In addition, the text itself was written by a man clearly cultural, educated: a good rhyme, including internal, vivid imagery, ease of memorization. By the 21st century, the genre has not died – let’s recall at least the “Vladimir Central” of the late Mikhail Krug. Some come out – others sit down …

At the limit of hearing
The French otolaryngologist, Alfred Tomatis, was the first to systematically investigate the effect on the human psyche of high-frequency sounds. According to his theory, a child, floating in an amniotic…

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You are young, you consider yourself advanced, nightclubs are the best place to hang out after school or work. After - a feeling of well spent time, only now a…

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